Journal of the Medical Library Association <p>The <em>Journal of the Medical Library Association</em><em> (JMLA)</em> is the premier journal in health sciences librarianship, dedicated to advancing the practice and research knowledgebase of health sciences librarianship and providing <a href="/ojs/jmla/pages/view/equity" target="_self">equitable opportunities</a> for authors, reviewers, and editorial team members.</p><p><span><a href="">Read issues of the <em>JMLA</em> prior to January 2016 on PMC</a></span></p> en-US (JMLA Editors) (OJS Technical Support) Thu, 08 Dec 2022 09:53:55 -0500 OJS 60 Assessing Academic Library Performance: A Handbook Jenessa M. McElfresh Copyright (c) 2022 Jenessa McElfresh Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 In Memorium: Virginia M. Bowden Janna C. Lawrence, AHIP Copyright (c) 2022 Janna C. Lawrence, AHIP Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Dark Archives: A Librarian’s Investigation into the Science and History of Books Bound in Human Skin Megan Nance Copyright (c) 2022 Megan Nance Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Finding Your Seat at the Table: Roles for Librarians on Institutional Regulatory Boards and Committees Tyler Moses Copyright (c) 2022 Tyler Moses Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Erratum to “How accurate are gender detection tools in predicting the gender for Chinese names? A study with 20,000 given names in Pinyin format,” 2021;110(2):205–11. <p>The PDF version of this article reflected an older version of the article with an incorrect URL for reference 17, while the HTML version was correct. The PDF has been updated to the correct version.</p> Charlene Dundek Copyright (c) 2022 Charlene Dundek Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Erratum to “Performance of gender detection tools: a comparative study of name-to-gender inference services,” 2021;109(3):414–21 and “Using to infer the gender of first names: how to improve the accuracy of the inference,” 2021;109(4):609–12. <p>The reference for Gender API in both of these manuscripts linked to the wrong Gender API tool. The correct URL is &lt;;. The original articles have both been updated to reflect this change.</p> Paul Sebo Copyright (c) 2022 Paul Sebo Tue, 26 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0400 The National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC) Marilia Y. Antunez Copyright (c) 2022 Marilia Y. Antunez Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Jot: guiding journal selection with suitability metrics <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Researchers grapple with a challenging and consequential decision each time they choose a journal for manuscript submission. There are several online tools that attempt to identify appropriate journals for a manuscript, but each of these tools has shortcomings in terms of the journal data they provide and the exploration functionality they offer—and not one of these tools is open source. Jot is a free and open-source web application that matches manuscripts in the fields of biomedicine and life sciences with suitable journals, based on a manuscript's title, abstract and (optionally) citations. Jot gathers a wealth of data on journal quality, impact, fit, and open access options that can be explored through a dashboard of linked, interactive visualizations. Visit Jot at </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;"></span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, or run your own Jot server using our open-source Python package '</span><strong>journal_targeter'</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">, available from the Python Package Index (PyPI).</span></p> Stephen G. Gaffney, Jeffrey P. Townsend Copyright (c) 2022 Stephen G. Gaffney, Jeffrey P. Townsend Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Erratum to: Bloss JE, LePrevost CE, Cofie LE, Lee JGL. Creating information resources and trainings for farmworker-serving community health workers. J Med Libr Assoc. 2022;110(1):113–118. DOI: <p>The following funding disclosure was left out of the manuscript during the submission and production process. The original manuscript has been updated to include this statement.</p> <h1>FUNDING STATEMENT</h1> <p>Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number G08LM013198. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.</p> Jamie E Bloss Copyright (c) 2022 Jamie E Bloss Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 -0500 The veteran-centered care conferences: interprofessional education and community involvement facilitated by the health sciences librarian <p>Background: Veterans have a variety of unique healthcare needs and receive care from both the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and private healthcare systems. Because healthcare students will likely treat veterans at some time during their career, it is important they gain exposure to working with veterans during their professional degree programs.</p> <p>Case Presentation: This case report presents the development of an annual Veteran-Centered Care Conference (VCCC) at the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. The VCCC included a faculty librarian who led a multi-disciplinary team that planned and coordinated each event. Speakers and participants included university students and faculty from multiple healthcare disciplines, as well as representatives from the VA, veterans’ advocacy groups, and community members (including many veterans). The purpose of the VCCC was to raise awareness of the healthcare needs of contemporary veterans. The goal of the VCCC was to improve healthcare provided to veterans by enhancing civilian health professions students’ knowledge of the potential effects of military service on a person’s health.</p> <p>Conclusion: After four successful events covering such topics as PTSD, specific health concerns of women veterans, substance use disorder, and homelessness, the VCCC was canceled, primarily due to low pre-registration. Examples of lessons learned and future possibilities for the VCCC and the patient-centered care conference format are discussed. This report is of particular importance given the many years the United States has been at war in the Middle East and the recent withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan.</p> Karen S Alcorn, Sarah K. McCord, Sheila M. Seed, Tammy Gravel, Amanda M. Morrill Copyright (c) 2022 Karen S Alcorn Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Erratum to: Pionke JJ, Phillips K, Migdalski A, Smith EM. Advocacy is all of us: recommendations to enhance the Medical Library Association’s advocacy initiatives. J Med Libr Assoc. 2022;110(1):5-14. DOI: <p>The name of one of the authors was misstated during the manuscript submission and publication process. The author’s name Kathryn Phillips was corrected to Kathleen Phillips. The original manuscript has been updated to reflect this change.</p> JJ Pionke Copyright (c) 2022 JJ Pionke Wed, 16 Feb 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Patricia Gallagher (1954–2021) Stephen J. Greenberg Copyright (c) 2022 Stephen J. Greenberg Tue, 26 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0400 GIBLIB (4.0) Heather Healy Copyright (c) 2022 Heather S Healy Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Needs assessment of nurse researchers through a research lifecycle framework <p>Objective: Health sciences librarian roles are evolving to better meet the needs of faculty. This study explores nursing faculty needs at the University of British Columbia through the research lifecycle framework of planning, conducting, disseminating, and assessing the impact of their research.</p> <p>Methods: A mixed methods survey study with Likert scale, multiple-choice, or ordinal ranking-scale questions and six open-response questions was conducted. The format was a web-based Qualtrics survey; participants had approximately three weeks to respond.</p> <p>Results: Nursing faculty identified the dissemination phase as benefiting most from library support prioritizing reference management and archiving research data as the top needs in that phase. Assessing impact skills such as citation analysis and Altmetrics training was ranked second. The Planning phase was ranked third with systematic review and literature review support most needed. The Conducting phase was identified as the phase where they needed the least support.</p> <p>Conclusion: Understanding the needs of researchers and enhancing scholar productivity is vital to offering responsive library research services. Across the research lifecycle, nursing faculty identified reference management, data management, metrics evaluation, systematic reviews, and literature reviews as the key areas for which they need support.</p> Robert Janke, Kathy Lynn Rush, Katherine Miller Copyright (c) 2022 Robert Janke, Kathy Lynn Rush, Katherine Miller Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Insights and opinions of readers of the Journal of the Medical Library Association <p>The <em>Journal of the Medical Library Association</em> (<em>JMLA</em>) conducted a readership survey in 2020 to gain a deeper understanding of our readers, their reading habits, and their satisfaction with <em>JMLA</em>’s content, website functionality, and overall quality. A total of 467 readers responded to the survey, most of whom were librarians/information specialists (85%), worked in an academic (62%) or hospital/health care system (27%) library, and were current Medical Library Association members (80%). Most survey respondents (46%) reported reading <em>JMLA</em> articles on a quarterly basis. Over half of respondents (53%) said they used social media to follow new research or publications, with Twitter being the most popular platform. Respondents stated that Original Investigations, Case Reports, Knowledge Syntheses, and Resource Reviews articles were the most enjoyable to read and important to their research and practice. Almost all respondents reported being satisfied or very satisfied (94%) with the <em>JMLA</em> website. Some respondents felt that the content of <em>JMLA</em> leaned more toward academic librarianship than toward clinical/hospital librarianship and that there were not enough articles on collection management or technical services. These opinions and insights of our readers help keep the <em>JMLA</em> editorial team on track toward publishing articles that are of interest and utility to our audience, raising reader awareness of new content, providing a website that is easy to navigate and use, and maintaining our status as the premier journal in health sciences librarianship.</p> Katherine G. Akers, JJ Pionke, Ellen Aaronson, Rachel Koenig, Michelle Kraft, Beverly Murphy Copyright (c) 2022 Katherine G. Akers, JJ Pionke, Ellen Aaronson, Michelle Kraft, Rachel Koenig, Beverly Murphy Wed, 15 Dec 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Interlibrary loan and document delivery in North American health sciences libraries during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic <p>Objective: The study purpose was to understand how early months of the COVID-19 pandemic altered interlibrary loan (ILL) and document delivery (DD) in North American health science libraries (HSLs), specifically the decision-making and workflow adjustments associated with accessing their own collections and obtaining content not available via ILL.</p> <p>Methods: Researchers distributed an online 26-question survey through 24 health science library email lists from January 6-February 7, 2021. Respondents reported their library’s ILL and DD activities from March-August 2020, including ILL/DD usage and policies, collection access, decision-making, and workflow adjustments. In addition to calculating frequencies, cross-tabulation and statistical tests were performed to test a priori potential associations. Two researchers independently and thematically analyzed responses to the 2 open-ended questions and reached consensus on themes.</p> <p>Results: Hospital libraries represented 52% (n=226/431) of respondents, along with 42% academic (n=179) and 6% (n=26) multi-type or other special. Only 1% (n=5) closed completely with no remote services, but many, 45% (n=194), ceased ILL of print materials. More than half (n=246/423; 58%) agreed that ILL requests likely to be filled from print remained unfilled more than is typical. Open-ended questions yielded 5 themes on ILL/DD staffing, setup, and systems; 6 on impacts for libraries and library users.</p> <p>Conclusion: Lack of communication regarding collection availability and staffing resulted in delayed or unfilled requests. Hospital and academic libraries made similar decisions about continuing services but reported different experiences in areas such as purchasing digital content. Hybrid ILL/DD workflows may continue for managing these services.</p> Jennifer K. Lloyd, Kristine M. Alpi, Margaret A. Hoogland, Priscilla L. Stephenson, Elizabeth Meyer Copyright (c) 2022 Jennifer K. Lloyd, Kristine M. Alpi, Margaret A. Hoogland, Priscilla Stephenson, Elizabeth Meyer Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Dr. Howard A. Kelly’s The Stereo Clinic: health science pedagogy and the egalitarian future of 3D clinical visualization <p>This article situates emerging three-dimensional (3D) visualization technologies in the health sciences within the broader historical context of the stereoscope. Although 3D visualization technologies enhance pedagogy and deepen student engagement, they are generally cost-prohibitive and therefore inaccessible for many institutions. In light of this issue, the authors consider the work of American gynecologist and founding member of The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, Dr. Howard Atwood Kelly (1858–1943). A monumental work, Kelly’s <em>The Stereo Clinic</em> is a multivolume publication whose focal point was the stereoscope, an image-viewing device that can be seen as a prototype for present-day 3D technologies. Each installment presents a step-by-step overview of a specific surgical procedure using a didactic narrative and corresponding stereoscopic images that illustrate the clinical practices. Significantly, Kelly understood <em>The</em> <em>Stereo Clinic </em>as an egalitarian project that provided high-quality educational resources to students and practicing physicians who did not have access to world-class clinical suites and teaching institutions. Furthermore, he viewed <em>The</em> <em>Stereo Clinic </em>as a remedy to the commonplace frustrations of medical education, such as crowded surgical suites, and the hazards of in-person observation. <em>The Stereo Clinic</em> is an important case study because it reveals a medical profession at the turn of the twentieth century preoccupied with 3D visualization. Inventive clinicians such as Kelly did not only advocate for this technology on the strength of its pedagogical value; they also articulated the equalitarian nature of this medium and produced 3D technology accessible to a wide audience.</p> Sebastian C. Galbo, Keith C. Mages Copyright (c) 2022 Sebastian C. Galbo, Keith C. Mages Tue, 26 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0400 PRISMA 2020 and PRISMA-S: common questions on tracking records and the flow diagram <p>The PRISMA 2020 and PRISMA-S guidelines help systematic review teams report their reviews clearly, transparently, and with sufficient detail to enable reproducibility. PRISMA 2020, an updated version of the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement, is complemented by PRISMA-S, an extension to PRISMA focusing on reporting the search components of systematic reviews. Several significant changes were implemented in PRISMA 2020 and PRISMA-S when compared with the original version of PRISMA in 2009, including the recommendation to report search strategies for <em>all </em>databases, registries, and websites that were searched. PRISMA-S also recommends reporting the number of records identified from each information source. One of the most challenging aspects of the new guidance from both documents has been changes to the flow diagram. In this article, we review some of the common questions about using the PRISMA 2020 flow diagram and tracking records through the systematic review process.</p> Melissa L. Rethlefsen, Matthew J. Page Copyright (c) 2022 Melissa L. Rethlefsen, Matthew J. Page Tue, 30 Nov 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Determining COVID-19’s impact on an academic medical library’s literature search service <p>Objective: At many institutions, literature search services are an important aspect of health science librarianship. This exploratory study analyzes how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the use of an academic hospital medical library’s literature search service.</p> <p>Methods: To evaluate the pandemic’s impact on literature searching at The University of Tennessee Medical Center’s Preston Medical Library, data were analyzed for changes from the year before the pandemic (March 1, 2019 to February 29, 2020) to the first year during the pandemic (March 1st, 2020 to February 28, 2021). This was accomplished using LibWizard, a library feedback and assessment application, to review literature search data during the two periods. Variables of interest included total searches, purpose of searches, affiliation of the searcher, and searches with a pandemic-related research question.</p> <p>Results: A 36.6% drop in literature search service usage was reported from the pre-pandemic year to the during-pandemic year. There was a 55.3% decrease in searches intended for research, as well as significant decreases in the number of searches requested by all patron affiliations. After March 2020, 10% of all searches concerned a COVID-related topic.</p> <p>Conclusion: The overall decrease in literature search requests, decrease in research searches, decrease in searches among all patron affiliations, and increase in searches on a COVID-related topic suggest that healthcare worker and institutional priorities changed during the pandemic. The results revealed research interests during the first year of the pandemic, as well as an overall change in library service functionality.</p> Courtney Wombles, Kelsey Grabeel, David Petersen Copyright (c) 2022 Courtney Anne Wombles, Kelsey Grabeel, David Petersen Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Rigor and reproducibility instruction in academic medical libraries <p>Background: Concerns over scientific reproducibility have grown in recent years, leading the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to require researchers to address these issues in research grant applications. Starting in 2020, training grants were required to provide a plan for educating trainees in rigor and reproducibility. Academic medical centers have responded with different solutions to fill this educational need. As experienced instructors with expertise in topics relating to reproducibility, librarians can play a prominent role in providing trainings, classes, and events to educate investigators and trainees, and bolstering reproducibility in their communities.</p> <p>Case Presentations: This special report summarizes efforts at five institutions to provide education in reproducibility to biomedical and life sciences researchers. Our goal is to expand awareness of the range of approaches in providing reproducibility services in libraries.</p> <p>Conclusions: Reproducibility education by medical librarians can take many forms. These specific programs in reproducibility education build upon libraries’ existing collaborations, with funder mandates providing a major impetus. Collaborator needs shaped the exact type of educational or other reproducibility support and combined with each library’s strengths to yield a diversity of offerings based on capacity and interest. As demand for and complexity of reproducibility education increases due to new institutional and funder mandates, reproducibility education will merit special attention.</p> Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla, Caitlin J. Bakker, Nina Exner, Tisha Montnech, Alisa Surkis, Hao Ye Copyright (c) 2022 Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Keep calm and carry on: moral panic, predatory publishers, peer review, and the emperor’s new clothes <p class="AbstractParagraph">The moral panic over the impact of so-called predatory publishers continues unabated. It is important, however, to resist the urge to simply join in this crusade without pausing to examine the assumptions upon which such concerns are based. It is often assumed that established journals are almost sacrosanct, and that their quality, secured by peer review, is established. It is also routinely presumed that such journals are immune to the lure of easy money in return for publication. Rather than looking at the deficits that may be apparent in the practices and products of predatory publishers, this commentary invites you to explore the weaknesses that have been exposed in traditional academic journals but are seldom discussed in the context of predatory publishing. The inherent message for health and medical services staff, researchers, academics, and students is, as always, to critically evaluate all sources of information, whatever their provenance.</p> Frank Houghton Copyright (c) 2022 Frank Houghton Tue, 26 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0400 121st Annual Meeting, Medical Library Association, Inc., May 10–27, 2021 <p>The Medical Library Association (MLA) held its 121st annual meeting virtually May 10–May 27, 2021, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The meeting was entitled “MLA ‘21 vConference,” and the theme was “Transforming Our Diversifying Communities.”</p> Ellen M. Aaronson, JJ Pionke Copyright (c) 2022 Ellen M. Aaronson, AHIP Fri, 11 Feb 2022 00:00:00 -0500 VOSviewer and Bibliometrix None Humberto Arruda, Edison Renato Silva, Marcus Lessa, Domício Proença Jr., Roberto Bartholo Copyright (c) 2022 Humberto Arruda, Edison Renato Silva, Marcus Lessa, Domício Proença Jr., Roberto Bartholo Thu, 08 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Supporting the Spectrum Scholarship Program: perspectives from the Northern California and Nevada Medical Library Group <p class="AbstractParagraph">The immediate past presidents and current president of the Northern California and Nevada Medical Library Group write to raise awareness of the American Library Association Spectrum Scholarship Program, share their approach to supporting Scholars in their region, and encourage Medical Library Association (MLA) chapters and MLA at large to build stronger infrastructures to support Black, Indigenous, and People of Color librarians who are in school and recently graduated.</p> Sarah McClung, Rachel Keiko Stark, Megan De Armond Copyright (c) 2022 Sarah McClung, Rachel Keiko Stark, Megan De Armond Tue, 26 Apr 2022 00:00:00 -0400 Creating a more inclusive journal: the Journal of the Medical Library Association’s evolving process for selecting editorial board members <p>The <em>Journal of the Medical Library Association</em> (<em>JMLA)</em> selects new editorial board members every year. In the spring of 2021, <em>JMLA</em> used a new process for reviewing and selecting applicants for the limited number of open editorial board positions. This reevaluation of the selection process was spurred by a desire to create a more diverse and representative board. Changes to the procedures for selecting new editorial board members included having an open call for editorial board members, creating an application form, creating a selection committee to screen applicants, creating a form for the selection committee to extract data from applications, and creating a two-step process for screening and then selecting board members. As part of construction of this new process, areas for continued improvement were also identified, such as refining the application form to allow more specific answers to areas of interest to the selection committee. The newly created selection process for editorial board members constitutes a significant change in <em>JMLA</em> processes; however, more can be done to build on this work by further refining the selection process and ensuring that new members are selected in a transparent and streamlined manner.</p> Margaret Henderson, John W. Cyrus, Erin R. B. Eldermire, Jill T. Boruff, Katherine G. Akers, Beverly Murphy Copyright (c) 2022 John W. Cyrus, Margaret Henderson, Erin R.B. Eldermire, Jill T. Boruff, Beverly Murphy, Katherine G. Akers Thu, 04 Nov 2021 00:00:00 -0400